SYS-CON MEDIA Authors: Michael Bushong, PR.com Newswire, David Smith, Tim Crawford, Kevin Benedict

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Critical Materials in Global Nanotechnology Markets

NEW YORK, Jan. 9, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Critical Materials in Global Nanotechnology Markets

http://www.reportlinker.com/p01940395/Critical-Materials-in-Global-Nanot...

INTRODUCTION

A raw material is labeled "critical" when the risks of a supply shortage and the resulting impacts on the economy are higher than those of other raw materials. Basic availability is not the only factor affecting a critical material's overall supply risk. Other factors include political or regulatory risks in countries that are major producers of critical materials, lack of diversity in producers, and demand from competing technologies.

STUDY BACKGROUND

The United States and other advanced economies depend on the continued availability of various critical materials to ensure their economic prosperity and in some cases their national security. Strategies for ensuring the continued availability of these critical materials include stockpiling, developing new domestic supplies or substitution.Critical materials potentially affect the nanotechnology market in at least three ways:• Some nanotechnology applications may become less attractive because they use materials in short supply, at risk of shortage or subject to price increases.• Other nanotechnologies may become more attractive because they use smaller quantities of critical materials than macroscale applications or use no critical materials at all.• It may be possible to nanoengineer certain noncritical materials so they become replacements for critical materials.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The overall goal of this report is to analyze the interrelationships between critical materials and nanotechnology. Specific objectives include:• Identifying current nanotechnology applications of critical materials, whose economics or even feasibility are negatively affected by potential shortages of those materials.• Identifying nanotechnology applications that can help to alleviate or avoid shortages of critical materials. • Analyzing and quantifying the resulting impacts on the nanotechnology market.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

The report is intended for entrepreneurs, investors, venture capitalists and other readers concerned with future trends in the nanotechnology market. Other readers who should find the report particularly valuable include executives of companies that are consumers of critical materials and officials of government agencies concerned with ensuring the continued supply of these materials. In the United States, these agencies include the Departments of Defense, Energy and Homeland Security, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the U.S. Trade Representative. The report's findings and conclusions should also be of interest to the broader nanotechnology community.

SCOPE OF REPORT

"Critical materials" is a relative term. The list of critical materials varies among countries and industries, depending on their specific circumstances. In selecting the materials to be covered in this report, BCC Research drew from a number of sources, including reports published by the U.S. Department of Energy, the European Union, the British Geological Survey and the German Institut für Zukunftstudien und Technologie-bewertung.Not all of the critical materials identified in these reports have implications for the nanotechnology market. This study focuses on those critical materials that have potential nanotechnology applications or for which nanotechnology-based substitutes exist:• Antimony.• Barium.• Gallium.• Indium.• Magnesium.• Niobium• Platinum group metals (PGMs).• Rare earths (e.g., yttrium, dysprosium, erbium, terbium, thulium, scandium).• Rhenium.• Tantalum.• Tellurium.• Tungsten.

For each of these materials, the report contains an assessment of:

• Critical material supply/demand situation, price trends and risk of disruption.

• Applications in which nanotechnology can contribute to reducing/avoiding consumption of critical materials.

• Technology assessment/market leaders.

• Impact on the market for various nanotechnologies.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

BCC Research performed a two-stage analysis in the preparation of this report. At least 40 raw or semimanufactured materials are designated as "critical materials" by various sources. Not all of them are equally critical, that is, vulnerable to highly disruptive supply interruptions, and not all of them offer equal opportunities for enhancing supply security through the application of nanotechnology.

BCC Research, therefore, started by performing a preliminary analysis, in which it compiled as comprehensive as possible a list of critical materials then ranked them according to their economic importance and supply risk to identify the "most critical" materials. BCC Research then identified those "most critical" materials for which nanotechnology-based substitutes or enhancement are available or in advanced development. The resulting list of critical materials forms the basis for this report.

In the second, detailed phase of the report preparation, BCC Research analyzed the potential impact of nanotechnology on demand for and supply of the selected critical materials, and related impacts on the demand for the nanotechnologies themselves. The assumptions and methodologies used in making these projections are described in detail in the report.

All financial and economic projections are in 2012 U.S. dollars.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Andrew McWilliams, the author of this report, is a partner in the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm 43rd Parallel, LLC. He is the author of numerous other BCC Research nanotechnology studies, including Nanotechnology: A Realistic Market Assessment (NAN031E); Global Medical Markets for Nanoscale Materials and Devices (HLC058A); Nanostructured Materials for the Biomedical, Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Markets (NAN017D); Nanostructured Materials for Energy, Catalysis and Structural Applications (NAN017E);Nanostructured Materials: Electronic/Magnetic/Optoelectronic (NAN017F); Nanotechnology in Energy Applications(NAN044B); Advanced Ceramics and Nanoceramic Powders (NAN015F); Global Markets for Nanocomposites, Nanoparticles, Nanoclays and Nanotubes (NAN021E); Nanopatterning (NAN041A); Nanotechnology in Life Sciences Applications (NAN038A); Nanotechnology for Consumer Products (NAN037A); Nanotechnology for Photonics: Global Markets (NAN036B); Nanocatalysts (NAN028A); Nanosensors (NAN035A); and Graphene: Technologies, Applications and Markets (AVM075C).REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The market for existing nanotechnology applications of critical materials was worth nearly $6.5 billion in 2012. This market is expected to reach nearly $6.9 billion in 2013 and nearly $9.4 billion in 2018, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.5% for the five-year period, 2013 to 2018.

This report provides:

• A market overview of the critical materials used in global nanotechnology industries.

• Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of CAGRs for the period 2013 and 2018.

• Coverage of those critical materials whose shortages can be alleviated or avoided through the application of various nanotechnologies.

• Quantification of the potential reductions in critical materials consumption and the net economic cost to achieve them.

• Comprehensive company profiles of major players in the industries covered.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

STUDY BACKGROUND 2STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2INTENDED AUDIENCE 3SCOPE OF REPORT 3METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 5BCC RESEARCH ONLINE SERVICES 6DISCLAIMER 6

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8

SUMMARY TABLE CRITICAL MATERIALS WITH THE GREATEST IMPACT ON EXISTINGNANOTECHNOLOGY MARKETS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 8SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET IMPACTS VS. OPPORTUNITIES CREATED BY CRITICALMATERIALS, 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 8

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 11

DEFINITIONS 11CRITICAL MATERIALS 11TABLE 1 SUMMARY OF MATERIALS IDENTIFIED AS BEING AT RISK OF SUPPLYDISRUPTIONS 11NANOTECHNOLOGY 12TABLE 2 MAJOR CATEGORIES OF NANOMATERIALS 13CRITICAL MATERIALS COVERED IN THIS REPORT 14TABLE 3 CRITICAL MATERIALS, THEIR IMPACTS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THENANOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY 14ANTIMONY 15Existing Nanotechnology Applications 15Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 15Fire Retardants 16Batteries 16Transparent Conductive Coatings 16BARIUM 16Existing Nanotechnology Applications 16Capacitors 16Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 17Capacitors 17GALLIUM 17Existing Nanotechnology Applications 17Photovoltaics 17Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 17Photovoltaics 17Light-Emitting Diodes 17INDIUM 18Existing Nanotechnology Applications 18Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 18Conducting Thin Films 18Photovoltaics 18MAGNESIUM 18Existing Nanotechnology Applications 18Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles 18Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 19Nanocomposite Fire Retardants 19Refractory Ceramic Nanocomposites 19NIOBIUM 19Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 19Superalloys 19Superconductors 19PLATINUM GROUP METALS 20Existing Nanotechnology Applications 20Environmental Catalysts 20Fuel Cell Catalysts 20Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 20Environmental Catalysts 20Fuel Cells 20RARE EARTHS 20Existing Nanotechnology Applications 21Biomedical Markers 21LEDs 21Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 21Permanent Magnets 21Optical Amplifiers 21Rechargeable Batteries 22Lighting 22RHENIUM 22Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 22Rhenium Nanoalloy 22TANTALUM 23Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 23Capacitors 23TELLURIUM 23Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 23Photovoltaics 23TUNGSTEN 24Existing Nanotechnology Applications 24Potential Nanotechnology Substitutes 24MARKET IMPACTS 24EXISTING NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS POTENTIALLY AFFECTED 24TABLE 4 CONSUMPTION OF CRITICAL MATERIALS IN EXISTING NANOTECHNOLOGYAPPLICATIONS,THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 25SUBSTITUTES 25TABLE 5 MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS THAT REPLACE ORREDUCE CONSUMPTION OF CRITICAL MATERIALS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 25

CHAPTER 4 ANTIMONY 28

SUMMARY 28FIGURE 1 ANTIMONY: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 28DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 29PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 29PRODUCTION 29FIGURE 2 WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF ANTIMONY, 2011 (%) 29DEMAND 30NANOSCALE ANTIMONY APPLICATIONS 31ANTIMONY TIN OXIDE CONDUCTIVE COATINGS 31Description 31Production 31TABLE 6 NANOSCALE ANTIMONY TIN OXIDE PRODUCERS 31Applications 32Infrared Attenuating Coatings 32Antistatic Coatings 32Transparent Electrodes 32Markets 33TABLE 7 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE ANTIMONY USED IN THIN FILMCOATINGS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 33NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITITES FOR ANTIMONY 33TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES FORANTIMONY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 34FIRE RETARDANTS 34Fire Retardant Nanomaterials 34Description 34EVA/montmorillonite 35Polypropylene/Montmorillonite 35Cotton/Montmorillonite Nanocomposite Fibers 35Markets 35TABLE 9 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITE FIRE RETARDANTMATERIALS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 36EVA/Clay Nanocomposite 36Cotton/Montmorillonite Nanocomposites 36BATTERY MATERIALS 37Description 37Market 38TABLE 10 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOPARTICLES USED IN RECHARGEABLELITHIUM ION BATTERIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 39TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATINGS 39Description 39Carbon-Nanotube-Based Coatings 39Graphene-Based Coatings 39Market 40TABLE 11 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOSTRUCTURED REPLACEMENT FOR ANTIMONYTRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATINGS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 40Carbon-Nanotube-Based Coatings 40Graphene-Based Coatings 41IR ATTENTUATING COATINGS 41Description 41Semiconductor Nanomaterial 41Ceramic Nanocomposite 41Other Nanomaterials 41Market 42TABLE 12 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED ALTERNATIVESTO ATO IR-ATTENTUATING COATINGS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42

CHAPTER 5 BARIUM 44

SUMMARY 44FIGURE 3 BARIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 44DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 45PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 45PRODUCTION 45FIGURE 4 WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF BARITES, 2012 (%) 45DEMAND 46NANOSCALE BARIUM APPLICATIONS 47MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITORS 47TABLE 13 MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR PRODUCERS 47TABLE 14 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BARIUM TITANATE NANOPARTICLES INMULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 47NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR BARIUM 48CAPACITORS 48TABLE 15 POTENTIAL MARKET FOR STRONTIUM TITANATE NANOPARTICLES AS ASUBSTITUTE FOR BARIUM TITANATE CERAMIC CAPACITOR APPLICATIONS,THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS)49

CHAPTER 6 GALLIUM 51

SUMMARY 51FIGURE 5 GALLIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 51DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 52PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 52PRODUCTION 52DEMAND 53NANOSCALE GALLIUM APPLICATIONS 53PHOTOVOLTAICS 53TABLE 16 MANUFACTURERS OF CIGS THIN FILM PVS 54TABLE 17 MARKET FOR GALLIUM NANOPARTICLES/PRECURSORS USED IN CIGS PVFABRICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 54NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR GALLIUM 55TABLE 18 POTENTIAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED GALLIUMSUBSTITUTES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 55DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS 55TABLE 19 COMPANIES MANUFACTURING OR DEVELOPING DSSC PVS 56TABLE 20 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES INPHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 56LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES 57Organic Light-Emitting Diodes 58TABLE 21 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF OLED LIGHTING MATERIALS FOR BACKLIGHITNGAPPLICATIONS ($ MILLIONS) 59Carbon Nanotube LEDs 59

CHAPTER 7 INDIUM 62

SUMMARY 62FIGURE 6 INDIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY ($ MILLIONS) 62DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 63PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 63PRODUCTION 63FIGURE 7 WORLD REFINERY PRODUCTION OF INDIUM, 2012 (%) 63DEMAND 64NANOSCALE INDIUM APPLICATIONS 65PHOTOVOLTAICS 65TABLE 22 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF INDIUM NANOPARTICLES/PRECURSORS USEDIN CIGS PV FABRICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 66NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITITES FOR INDIUM 66TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES FORINDIUM, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 67TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATINGS 67PHOTOVOLTAICS 67TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES FORINDIUM USED IN PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68Copper Gallium Selenide PVs 68TABLE 25 PROJECTED SUBSTITUTION OF GALLIUM NANOPARTICLES/PRECURSORSFOR INDIUM USED IN CIGS PVS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells 69

CHAPTER 8 MAGNESIUM 71

SUMMARY 71FIGURE 8 MAGNESIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 71DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 72PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 72PRODUCTION 72FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MAGNESIUM PRODUCTION, 2012 (% OF TOTALPRODUCTION/METRIC TONS) 72DEMAND 73NANOSCALE MAGNESIUM APPLICATIONS 74MAGNESIUM NANOPARTICLES 74TABLE 26 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM OXIDENANOPARTICLES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR MAGNESIUM 74TABLE 27 POTENTIAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR NONMAGNESIUM-CONTAININGNANOCOMPOSITES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75NANOCOMPOSITE FIRE RETARDANTS 75TABLE 28 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NONMAGNESIUM-CONTAINING FIRERETARDANT NANOCOMPOSITES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75REFRACTORY CERAMIC NANOCOMPOSITES 76TABLE 29 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF REFRACTORY NANOCOMPOSITES, THROUGH2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76

CHAPTER 9 NIOBIUM 78

SUMMARY 78FIGURE 10 NIOBIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 78DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 79PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 79PRODUCTION 79FIGURE 11 WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF NIOBIUM, 2012 (% TOTALPRODUCTION/METRIC TONS PRODUCED) 79DEMAND 80FIGURE 12 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NIOBIUM (% TOTAL CONSUMPTION/METRICTONS CONSUMED) 80NANOSCALE NIOBIUM APPLICATIONS 82NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR MAGNESIUM 82TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES FORNIOBIUM, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 82NANOSTRUCTURED STEEL 82TABLE 31 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSTRUCTURED STEEL, THROUGH 2018($ MILLIONS) 83SUPERCONDUCTING NANOMATERIALS 83TABLE 32 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSTRUCTURED SUPERCONDUCTORS,THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 84

CHAPTER 10 PLATINUM GROUP METALS 86

SUMMARY 86FIGURE 13 PLATINUM GROUP METALS: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THENANOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 86DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 87PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 87PRODUCTION 87FIGURE 14 GLOBAL PGM SUPPLY, 2012 (% OF TOTAL SUPPLY/METRIC TONS) 87Mine Production 88FIGURE 15 WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS, 2008-2012(METRIC TONS) 88TABLE 33 GLOBAL MINE PRODUCTION OF PGMS, 2012 (METRIC TONS/ % OF TOTALMINE PRODUCTION) 90Recycling 91DEMAND 91FIGURE 16 GROSS DEMAND FOR PGMS BY SECTOR, 2012 (% OF TOTAL DEMAND) 91FIGURE 17 GLOBAL LIGHT-VEHICLE ASSEMBLIES, 2007-2018 (MILLION UNITS) 92NANOSCALE APPLICATIONS OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS 94TABLE 34 MARKET FOR PGM NANOPARTICLES IN EXISTING APPLICATIONS,THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94CATALYTIC CONVERTERS 94TABLE 35 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS INCATALYTIC CONVERTERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 96FUEL CELLS 96TABLE 36 GLOBAL SALES OF FUEL CELLS THAT USE PLATINUM NANOCATALYSTS,THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97TABLE 37 FUEL CELL CONSUMPTION OF PLATINUM THIN FILM CATALYSTS,THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS/%) 98NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS 98SUBSTITUTES FOR PLATINUM NANOCATALYSTS 98Vehicle Exhaust Remediation Catalysts 98Fuel Cell Catalysts 98Refinery and Petrochemical Catalysts 100

CHAPTER 11 RARE EARTHS 102

SUMMARY 102FIGURE 18 RARE EARTHS: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THENANOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 103TABLE 38 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS 103PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 104PRODUCTION 104FIGURE 19 TRENDS IN CHINESE EXPORT QUOTAS FOR RARE EARTH ELEMENTS,2006-2012 (METRIC TONS) 105FIGURE 20 INDIVIDUAL REE SHARES OF TOTAL GLOBAL REE PRODUCTION (%) 105DEMAND 107FIGURE 21 RARE EARTH ELEMENT USAGE BY APPLICATION (%) 107TABLE 39 RARE EARTH ELEMENT APPLICATIONS 108TABLE 40 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS CONSIDERED CRITICAL 109NANOSCALE APPLICATIONS OF RARE EARTHS 109RARE EARTH NANOPHOSPHORS 109TABLE 41 RARE-EARTH-DOPED METAL OXIDE NANOPHOSPHOR MARKET BYAPPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 110NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR RARE EARTHS 110TABLE 42 MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTESFOR RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 110PERMANENT MAGNETS 111TABLE 43 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNETIC NANOCOMPOSITES FORELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 112OPTICAL AMPLIFIERS 112TABLE 44 COMPANIES INVOLVED IN QUANTUM DOT OPTICAL AMPLIFIER RESEARCHAND DEVELOPMENT 113TABLE 45 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF QUANTUM DOTS USED IN OPTICALAMPLIFIERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 113RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES 113LIGHTING 114TABLE 46 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF OLED LIGHTING MATERIALS FORARCHITECTURAL LIGHTING APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 114

CHAPTER 12 RHENIUM 116

SUMMARY 116FIGURE 22 RHENIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 116DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 117PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 117PRODUCTION 117DEMAND 118FIGURE 23 GLOBAL RHENIUM CONSUMPTION BY APPLICATION, 2012 (%) 118NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR RHENIUM 119NANORHENIUM COMPOSITE ALLOY 119TABLE 47 PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE RHENIUM IN JET ANDROCKET PROPULSION SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 119

CHAPTER 13 TANTALUM 121

SUMMARY 121FIGURE 24 TANTALUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 122PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 122PRODUCTION 122FIGURE 25 TANTALUM PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2011 (%) 123FIGURE 26 PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF TANTALUM BY COUNTRY/REGION, 2010 (%) 123DEMAND 124FIGURE 27 WORLDWIDE CONSUMPTION OF TANTALUM, 2000-2011 (METRIC TONSPER YEAR) 125NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR TANTALUM 125TABLE 48 PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF NANOMATERIALS USED IN CAPACITIVEENERGY STORAGE DEVICES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 126CAPACITORS 126Carbon-Nanotube-Based Ultracapacitors 126TABLE 49 PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF CARBON NANOTUBES USED INULTRACAPACITORS, THROUGH 2018 (METRIC TONS/$ MILLIONS) 127Aerogel Capacitors 127TABLE 50 PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF CARBON AEROGELS USED INSUPERCAPACITORS, THROUGH 2018 (METRIC TONS/$ MILLIONS) 128Other Technologies 128

CHAPTER 14 TELLURIUM 130

SUMMARY 130FIGURE 28 TELLURIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGYINDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 130DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 131PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 131PRODUCTION 131FIGURE 29 WORLD REFINERY PRODUCTION OF TELLURIUM BY COUNTRY, 2012 (%) 131DEMAND 132FIGURE 30 TELLURIUM APPLICATIONS, 2012 (% OF DEMAND) 132NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES FOR TELLURIUM 133PHOTOVOLTAICS 133

CHAPTER 15 TUNGSTEN 135

SUMMARY 135FIGURE 31 TUNGSTEN CARBIDE: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THENANOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 135DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES 135PRODUCTION AND DEMAND 136PRODUCTION 136FIGURE 32 GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF TUNGSTEN CONCENTRATE (% OF TOTALPRODUCTION/METRIC TONS) 136DEMAND 137NANOSCALE TUNGSTEN APPLICATIONS 138TUNGSTEN CARBIDE NANOCOMPOSITES 138TABLE 51 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN TUNGSTEN CARBIDETOOLS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 138NANOTECHNOLOGY SUBSTITUTES FOR TUNGSTEN 139NEW HARDMETAL 139TABLE 52 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOADDITIVES USED IN TUNGSTENCARBIDE SUBSTITUTES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 139

CHAPTER 16 COMPANY PROFILES 141

ANTIMONY 141NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 141A123 Systems Inc. 141Advanced Glazings Ltd. 141Altair Nanotechnologies Inc. 142Elementis Specialties 142Kabelwerk Eupen AG 142Nanocor Inc. 142NEI Corp. 143Southern Clay Products Inc. 143Sud-Chemie AG 143Unidym 144BARIUM 144NANOSCALE APPLICATIONS 144TPL Inc. 144NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 145Cooper Bussman 145FastCAP Systems Corp. 145GALLIUM 145NANOSCALE APPLICATIONS 145Miasole 145Nanosolar Inc. 146NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 146Cyrium Technologies Inc. 146G24 Innovations Ltd. 146General Electric Global Research 147Lumiotec 147Merck OLED Materials GMBH 148Novaled AG 148Osram Opto Semiconductors GMBH 149Philips Lumileds Lighting Company 149Solaronix SA 149INDIUM 149MAGNESIUM 150NANOSCALE APPLICATIONS 150Bayer AG 150NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 150NIOBIUM 150NANOSCALE APPLICATIONS 150Bayer AG 150NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 151NanoSteel Co. Inc. 151Sandvik Materials Technology AB 151Single Quantum B.V. 151PLATINUM GROUP METALS 152NANOSCALE APPLICATIONS 152Johnson Matthey plc 152Mazda Motor Corp. 152Rhodia SA 152NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 153Clean Diesel Technologies Inc. 153Evonik Degussa GmbH 153Headwaters Nanokinetix Inc. 154Nanostellar 155NexTech Materials Ltd. 155QuantumSphere Inc. 156RARE EARTHS, APPLICATIONS AND SUBSTITUTES 156NANOSCALE APPLICATIONS 156Alps Electric Co. Ltd. 156Forge Europa Ltd. 157NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 157Evident Technologies 157RHENIUM 158THE BOEING COMPANY 158TANTALUM 158NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 158Dais Analytic Corp. 158TELLURIUM 158NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 158TUNGSTEN 159NANOSCALE SUBSTITUTES 159Exote Oy 159

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE CRITICAL MATERIALS WITH THE GREATEST IMPACT ON EXISTING

NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKETS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 8

TABLE 1 SUMMARY OF MATERIALS IDENTIFIED AS BEING AT RISK OF SUPPLY

DISRUPTIONS 11

TABLE 2 MAJOR CATEGORIES OF NANOMATERIALS 13

TABLE 3 CRITICAL MATERIALS, THEIR IMPACTS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE

NANOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY 14

TABLE 4 CONSUMPTION OF CRITICAL MATERIALS IN EXISTING NANOTECHNOLOGY

APPLICATIONS,THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 25

TABLE 5 MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS THAT REPLACE OR

REDUCE CONSUMPTION OF CRITICAL MATERIALS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 25

TABLE 6 NANOSCALE ANTIMONY TIN OXIDE PRODUCERS 31

TABLE 7 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE ANTIMONY USED IN THIN FILM

COATINGS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 33

TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES FOR

ANTIMONY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 34

TABLE 9 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITE FIRE RETARDANT MATERIALS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 36

TABLE 10 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOPARTICLES USED IN RECHARGEABLE

LITHIUM ION BATTERIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 39

TABLE 11 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOSTRUCTURED REPLACEMENT FOR ANTIMONY

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATINGS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 40

TABLE 12 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED ALTERNATIVES TO

ATO IR-ATTENTUATING COATINGS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42

TABLE 13 MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR PRODUCERS 47

TABLE 14 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BARIUM TITANATE NANOPARTICLES IN

MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 47

TABLE 15 POTENTIAL MARKET FOR STRONTIUM TITANATE NANOPARTICLES AS A

SUBSTITUTE FOR BARIUM TITANATE CERAMIC CAPACITOR APPLICATIONS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS)

49

TABLE 16 MANUFACTURERS OF CIGS THIN FILM PVS 54

TABLE 17 MARKET FOR GALLIUM NANOPARTICLES/PRECURSORS USED IN CIGS PV

FABRICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 54

TABLE 18 POTENTIAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED GALLIUM

SUBSTITUTES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 55

TABLE 19 COMPANIES MANUFACTURING OR DEVELOPING DSSC PVS 56

TABLE 20 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES IN

PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 56

TABLE 21 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF OLED LIGHTING MATERIALS FOR BACKLIGHITNG

APPLICATIONS ($ MILLIONS) 59

TABLE 22 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF INDIUM NANOPARTICLES/PRECURSORS USED

IN CIGS PV FABRICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 66

TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES FOR

INDIUM, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 67

TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES FOR

INDIUM USED IN PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68

TABLE 25 PROJECTED SUBSTITUTION OF GALLIUM NANOPARTICLES/PRECURSORS

FOR INDIUM USED IN CIGS PVS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68

TABLE 26 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM OXIDE

NANOPARTICLES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74

TABLE 27 POTENTIAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR NONMAGNESIUM-CONTAINING

NANOCOMPOSITES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75

TABLE 28 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NONMAGNESIUM-CONTAINING FIRE

RETARDANT NANOCOMPOSITES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75

TABLE 29 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF REFRACTORY NANOCOMPOSITES, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76

TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES FOR

NIOBIUM, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 82

TABLE 31 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSTRUCTURED STEEL, THROUGH 2018 ($

MILLIONS) 83

TABLE 32 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSTRUCTURED SUPERCONDUCTORS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 84

TABLE 33 GLOBAL MINE PRODUCTION OF PGMS, 2012 (METRIC TONS/ % OF TOTAL

MINE PRODUCTION) 90

TABLE 34 MARKET FOR PGM NANOPARTICLES IN EXISTING APPLICATIONS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94

TABLE 35 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN

CATALYTIC CONVERTERS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 96

TABLE 36 GLOBAL SALES OF FUEL CELLS THAT USE PLATINUM NANOCATALYSTS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97

TABLE 37 FUEL CELL CONSUMPTION OF PLATINUM THIN FILM CATALYSTS, THROUGH

2018 ($ MILLIONS/%) 98

TABLE 38 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS 103

TABLE 39 RARE EARTH ELEMENT APPLICATIONS 108

TABLE 40 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS CONSIDERED CRITICAL 109

TABLE 41 RARE-EARTH-DOPED METAL OXIDE NANOPHOSPHOR MARKET BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 110

TABLE 42 MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY-BASED SUBSTITUTES

FOR RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 110

TABLE 43 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNETIC NANOCOMPOSITES FOR

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 112

TABLE 44 COMPANIES INVOLVED IN QUANTUM DOT OPTICAL AMPLIFIER RESEARCH

AND DEVELOPMENT 113

TABLE 45 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF QUANTUM DOTS USED IN OPTICAL AMPLIFIERS,

THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 113

TABLE 46 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF OLED LIGHTING MATERIALS FOR ARCHITECTURAL

LIGHTING APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 114

TABLE 47 PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE RHENIUM IN JET AND ROCKET

PROPULSION SYSTEMS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 119

TABLE 48 PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF NANOMATERIALS USED IN CAPACITIVE

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 126

TABLE 49 PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF CARBON NANOTUBES USED IN

ULTRACAPACITORS, THROUGH 2018 (METRIC TONS/$ MILLIONS) 127

TABLE 50 PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF CARBON AEROGELS USED IN

SUPERCAPACITORS, THROUGH 2018 (METRIC TONS/$ MILLIONS) 128

TABLE 51 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN TUNGSTEN CARBIDE

TOOLS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 138

TABLE 52 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOADDITIVES USED IN TUNGSTEN CARBIDE

SUBSTITUTES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 139

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET IMPACTS VS. OPPORTUNITIES CREATED BY CRITICAL

MATERIALS, 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 8

FIGURE 1 ANTIMONY: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 28

FIGURE 2 WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF ANTIMONY, 2011 (%) 29

FIGURE 3 BARIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 44

FIGURE 4 WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF BARITES, 2012 (%) 45

FIGURE 5 GALLIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 51

FIGURE 6 INDIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY ($ MILLIONS) 62

FIGURE 7 WORLD REFINERY PRODUCTION OF INDIUM, 2012 (%) 63

FIGURE 8 MAGNESIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 71

FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MAGNESIUM PRODUCTION, 2012 (% OF TOTAL

PRODUCTION/METRIC TONS) 72

FIGURE 10 NIOBIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 78

FIGURE 11 WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF NIOBIUM, 2012 (% TOTAL

PRODUCTION/METRIC TONS PRODUCED) 79

FIGURE 12 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NIOBIUM (% TOTAL CONSUMPTION/METRIC

TONS CONSUMED) 80

FIGURE 13 PLATINUM GROUP METALS: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE

NANOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 86

FIGURE 14 GLOBAL PGM SUPPLY, 2012 (% OF TOTAL SUPPLY/METRIC TONS) 87

FIGURE 15 WORLD MINE PRODUCTION OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS, 2008-2012

(METRIC TONS) 88

FIGURE 16 GROSS DEMAND FOR PGMS BY SECTOR, 2012 (% OF TOTAL DEMAND) 91

FIGURE 17 GLOBAL LIGHT-VEHICLE ASSEMBLIES, 2007-2018 (MILLION UNITS) 92

FIGURE 18 RARE EARTHS: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102

FIGURE 19 TRENDS IN CHINESE EXPORT QUOTAS FOR RARE EARTH ELEMENTS,

2006-2012 (METRIC TONS) 105

FIGURE 20 INDIVIDUAL REE SHARES OF TOTAL GLOBAL REE PRODUCTION (%) 105

FIGURE 21 RARE EARTH ELEMENT USAGE BY APPLICATION (%) 107

FIGURE 22 RHENIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 116

FIGURE 23 GLOBAL RHENIUM CONSUMPTION BY APPLICATION, 2012 (%) 118

FIGURE 24 TANTALUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 121

FIGURE 25 TANTALUM PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 2011 (%) 123

FIGURE 26 PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF TANTALUM BY COUNTRY/REGION, 2010 (%) 123

FIGURE 27 WORLDWIDE CONSUMPTION OF TANTALUM, 2000-2011 (METRIC TONS

PER YEAR) 125

FIGURE 28 TELLURIUM: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NANOTECHNOLOGY

INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 130

FIGURE 29 WORLD REFINERY PRODUCTION OF TELLURIUM BY COUNTRY, 2012 (%) 131

FIGURE 30 TELLURIUM APPLICATIONS, 2012 (% OF DEMAND) 132

FIGURE 31 TUNGSTEN CARBIDE: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE

NANOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY, 2012-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 135

FIGURE 32 GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF TUNGSTEN CONCENTRATE (% OF TOTAL

PRODUCTION/METRIC TONS) 136

To order this report: Critical Materials in Global Nanotechnology Markets http://www.reportlinker.com/p01940395/Critical-Materials-in-Global-Nanotechnology-Markets.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Nanotechnology

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