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Trickle Up Performance

New TCP algorithms and protocols in a platform net improved performance for apps

The original RFC for TCP (793) was written in September of 1981. Let's pause for a moment and reflect on that date.

When TCP was introduced applications on "smart" devices was relegated to science fiction and the use of the Internet by your average consumer was still more than two decades away.

Yet TCP remains, like IP, uncontested as "the" transport protocol of ... everything.

New application architectures, networks, and devices all introduce challenges with respect to how TCP behaves. Over the years it's become necessary to tweak the protocol with new algorithms designed to address everything from congestion control to window size control to key management for the TCP MD5 signature option to header compression. There are, in fact, over 100 (that's where I stopped counting) TCP-related RFCs on the digital books.

The most recent addition is RFC 6897, or Multipath TCP (MPTCP) as it's more commonly referred to. I take any bets against there being more in the future, if I were you.

What most of these RFCs related to TCP have in common is they attempt to address some issue that's holding application performance hostage. Congestion, for example, is a huge network issue that can impact TCP performance (and subsequently the performance of applications) in a very negative way. Congestion can cause lost packets and, for TCP at least, that often means retransmission. You see, TCP is very particular about the order in which is receives packets and, is also designed to be reliable. That means if a packet is lost, you're going to hear about it (or more accurately your infrastructure will hear about it and need to resend it). All those retransmitted packets, trying to traverse an already congested network... well, you can imagine it isn't exactly a good thing.

trickle-up-performanceSo there are a variety of congestion control algorithms designed to better manage TCP in such situations. From TCP Reno to Vegas to Illinois to H-TCP, algorithms are the most common way in which network stacks in general deal with congestion.

The important thing to remember about this is that performance trickles up. Improvements in the TCP stack benefit those layers that reside above, like the application.

F5 Synthesis: Faster Platforms Means Faster Apps

The F5 platforms that comprise the Synthesis High Performance Service Fabric are no different. They implement the vast majority of the congestion control algorithms available to ensure the fastest TCP stack we can offer. In the latest release of our platforms, we also added an F5 created algorithm - TCP Woodside - designed to use both loss and latency-based algorithms to improve, in particular, the performance of applications operating over mobile networks.

By implementing at the TCP - the platform - layer, all applications receive the benefit of improved performance but it's particularly noticeable in mobile environments because of the differences inherent in mobile versus fixed networks.

tcp-congestion-algorithms

 

Also new in our latest platforms is support for MPTCP, another potential boon for mobile application users. MPTCP is designed to improve performance by enabling the use of multiple TCP subflows over a single TCP connection. Messages can then be dynamically routed across those subflows. For web applications, this can result in significantly faster retrieval of the more than 90 objects that comprise the average web page today.

Synthesis 1.5 comprises a variety of new performance and security-related features that improve the platforms that make up its High Performance Services Fabric. What that ultimately means for customers and users alike is faster apps.

For more information on Synthesis:

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Lori MacVittie

Lori MacVittie is responsible for education and evangelism of application services available across F5’s entire product suite. Her role includes authorship of technical materials and participation in a number of community-based forums and industry standards organizations, among other efforts. MacVittie has extensive programming experience as an application architect, as well as network and systems development and administration expertise. Prior to joining F5, MacVittie was an award-winning Senior Technology Editor at Network Computing Magazine, where she conducted product research and evaluation focused on integration with application and network architectures, and authored articles on a variety of topics aimed at IT professionals. Her most recent area of focus included SOA-related products and architectures. She holds a B.S. in Information and Computing Science from the University of Wisconsin at Green Bay, and an M.S. in Computer Science from Nova Southeastern University.