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SYS-CON MEDIA Authors: Ian Goldsmith, Ed Featherston, Elizabeth White, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan

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Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors: Supercapacitors 2014-2024

NEW YORK, April 3, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors: Supercapacitors 2014-2024
http://www.reportlinker.com/p0850149/Electrochemical-Double-Layer-Capacitors-Supercapacitors-2014-2024.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Electronic_Component_and_Semiconductor

This broad-ranging report on supercapacitors and supercabatteries has up to date ten year forecasts and analysis of market, applications, technology, patent and profit trends and the manufacturers and researchers involved.

55% of the manufacturers and intending manufacturers of supercapacitors/supercabatteries (EDLC, AEDLC) are in East Asia, 28% are in North America but Europe is fast asleep at only 7%. Yet, being used for an increasing number of purposes in electric vehicles, mobile phones, energy harvesting, renewable energy and other products of the future, this market is roaring up to over $11 billion in ten years with considerable upside potential.

This report concerns Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors (EDLCs). For brevity, we mainly use the second most popular word for them - supercapacitors. The third most popular term for them - ultracapacitors - is often used in heavy electrical applications. Included in the discussion and forecasts are so-called Asymmetric Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors (AEDLCs) better known as supercabatteries.

The report also features patent trends of supercapacitor technologies. This data is taken from a report covering more details about the patent landscape for batteries; for full details of that report please go to www.IDTechEx.com/patent External Link.

Supercapacitors are a curiously neglected aspect of electronics and electrical engineering with a multi-billion dollar market rapidly emerging. For example, for land, water and airborne electric vehicles, there are about 200 serious traction motor manufacturers and 110 serious traction battery suppliers compared to just a few supercapacitor manufacturers. In all, there are no more than 66 significant supercapacitor manufacturers with most concentrating on the easier small ones for consumer electronics such as power backup. However, in a repetition of the situation with rechargeable batteries, the largest part of the market has just become the heavy end, notably for electric and conventional vehicles.

Supercapacitors and supercabatteries mainly have properties intermediate between those of batteries and traditional capacitors but they are being improved more rapidly than either. That includes improvement in cost and results in them not just being used to enhance batteries but even replacing batteries and capacitors in an increasing number of applications from renewable energy down to microscopic electronics. For example, your mobile phone may have better sound and flash that works at ten times the distance because a supercapacitor has taken over these functions from conventional capacitors.

Supercapacitors are replacing batteries where such properties as excellent low temperature performance, calendar and cycle life, fast charge-discharge and reliability are more dominant issues than size and weight. Examples of this include power backup opening bus doors in an emergency, working hybrid car brakes when power goes down and keeping electronic circuits running. Conventional trucks are having one to three of their lead acid batteries replaced with drop-in supercapacitor alternatives that guarantee starting in very cold weather, when lead acid batteries are very poor performers. The difference is dramatic- about 5% energy loss occurs at minus 25 degrees centigrade, compared to a battery's energy loss of more than 50%. Some pure electric buses even run on supercapacitors alone recharging through the road every five kilometres or so. Use of supercapacitors to protect batteries against fast charge and discharge and from deep discharge means smaller batteries are needed and they last longer, depressing battery demand and increasing supercapacitor demand.

The bottom line is that almost everywhere you see next generation electronic and power technology you see supercapacitors and supercabatteries being fitted or planned because of superior performance, cost-over-life and fit-and-forget.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. A huge opportunity but a relatively neglected sector
1.1.1. Relative pace of improvement
1.2. Objectives of further development
1.2.1. Most promising routes

1.2.2. Geographical and product emphasis.
1.3. Forecasting assumptions
1.4. Reality checks
1.5. Upside potential
1.5.1. Applications
1.5.2. Replacing some batteries
1.6. AEDLC/supercabatteries
1.6.1. Supercapacitor technology roadmap including lithium-ion capacitors (AEDLC) 2013-2023
1.7. The technology and its future
1.7.1. Timeline for supercapacitor market adoption and technical achievements
1.7.2. Comparison with capacitors and batteries
1.7.3. Replacing lead-acid and NiCd batteries
1.7.4. Most promising improvements ahead
1.7.5. Aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes
1.7.6. Prospect of radically different battery and capacitor shapes
1.7.7. Fixing the limitations
1.8. Supercapacitor sales have a new driver: safety
1.9. Change of leadership of the global value market?
2. INTRODUCTION
2.1. Nomenclature
2.2. Batteries and capacitors converge
2.2.1. What is a battery?
2.2.2. Battery history
2.2.3. Analogy to a container of liquid
2.2.4. Construction of a battery
2.2.5. Many shapes of battery
2.2.6. Single use vs rechargeable batteries

2.2.7. What is a capacitor?
2.2.8. Capacitor history
2.2.9. Analogy to a spring
2.2.10. Capacitor construction
2.2.11. Supercapacitor construction
2.2.12. Limitations of energy storage devices
2.2.13. Battery safety
2.2.14. A glimpse at the new magic
2.3. Improvement in performance taking place with components
2.4. History
2.5. What does a supercapacitor for small devices look like?
2.6. Supercapacitors and supercabattery basics
2.6.1. Basic geometry
2.6.2. Charging
2.6.3. Discharging and cycling
2.6.4. Energy density
2.6.5. Battery-like variants: Pseudocapacitors, supercabatteries
2.6.6. New shapes
2.6.7. Achieving higher voltages
2.6.8. Laminar biodegradable option
2.6.9. Regenerative braking
3. LATEST RESEARCH
3.1. Objectives
3.1.1. Cost reduction
3.1.2. Most promising routes
3.2. Better electrolytes and electrodes
3.2.1. Oshkosh Nanotechnology
3.2.2. Better carbon technologies
3.3. Carbon nanotubes
3.3.1. Carbon aerogel
3.3.2. Solid activated carbon
3.3.3. Y-Carbon USA
3.3.4. Carbide derived carbon
3.4. Graphene
3.4.1. Fast charging is achieved


3.4.2. Graphene Energy
3.4.3. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
3.4.4. Lomiko Metals Inc and Graphene Laboratories
3.5. Prevention of capacity fading
3.6. Microscopic supercapacitors become possible
3.7. Flexible, paper and transparent supercapacitors
3.7.1. University of Minnesota
3.7.2. University of Southern California
3.7.3. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute USA
3.8. Woven wearable supercapacitors
3.9. Skeleton and skin strategy improves supercapacitor
3.10. National University of Singapore: a competitor for supercapacitors?
3.11. Supercabattery developments
3.12. Synthesizing enhanced materials for supercapacitors
3.13. Boost for energy storage of super capacitors
3.14. Supercapacitor yarn: small fibres are powerful batteries
4. APPLICATIONS IN VEHICLES
4.1. Buses and trucks
4.1.1. Fast charge-discharge made possible
4.1.2. Much better cold start and battery use in trucks
4.1.3. Stop-start of cars
4.1.4. Capabus: electric buses without batteries
4.1.5. Oshkosh military truck without batteries
4.1.6. Why supercapacitors instead of batteries?
4.1.7. Regenerative Braking Systems for industrial and commercial vehicles
4.1.8. Fork lifts, cranes regen, peak power, battery life improvement

4.2. Range extender support
4.3. Ten year forecast for electric cars, hybrids and their range extenders
4.4. Hybrid and pure electric vehicles compared
4.5. Hybrid market drivers
4.6. What will be required of a range extender 2012-2022
4.7. Three generations of range extender
4.8. Energy harvesting - mostly ally not alternative
4.9. Key trends for range extended vehicles
4.10. Electric vehicle demonstrations and adoption
4.11. Hybrid electric vehicles
4.12. USCAR USA
4.13. Racing cars
4.14. Folding e-bike
4.15. Railway engine power recuperation
4.16. Siemens Germany
4.17. Supercapacitors for fuel cell vehicles - HyHEELS & ILHYPOS
5. IMPROVING MOBILE PHONES AND OTHER ELECTRONICS
5.1. Cellphone battery improvement and replacement
5.2. Long distance camera flash
5.3. Handling surge power in electronics
5.4. Wireless systems and Burst-Mode Communications
5.5. Energy harvesting
5.5.1. Bicycles and wristwatches
5.5.2. Industrial electronics: vibration harvesters
5.5.3. Extending mobile phone use
5.5.4. Human power to recharge portable electronics
6. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND OTHER APPLICATIONS
6.1. Renewable energy
6.2. The Challenges and Solutions
6.3. NREL USA
6.4. Quick Charge Hand Tools
7. PATENT TRENDS BY DR. VICTOR ZHITOMIRSKY
7.1. The PatAnalyse/ IDTechEx patent search strategy
7.1.1. Revealing many underlying business and scientific trends
7.1.2. Absolute and normalised patent maps

7.2. Generic Supercapacitor technologies
7.2.1. Top 50 Assignees vs Technical categories
7.2.2. Top 50 Assignees vs Priority Years
7.2.3. Technical categories vs Priority Years
7.2.4. Countries of origin vs Priority Years
7.2.5. Technical categories vs Countries of origin
7.3. Technical categories vs National Patent Office Country
7.4. About PatAnalyse
8. PROFILES OF 72 MANUFACTURERS
8.1. ABSL EnerSys
8.2. Ada Technologies USA
8.3. Advanced Capacitor Technologies Japan
8.4. Asahi Kasei-FDK Japan
8.5. AVX Mexico
8.6. Bainacap China
8.7. Bolloré France
8.8. Baoding Yepu New Energy China
8.9. Beijing HCC Energy Tech China
8.10. Cap-XX Australia
8.11. CDE Cornell Dubilier USA

8.12. Cellergy Israel
8.13. Chaoyang Liyuan New Energy China
8.14. Cooper Bussmann USA
8.15. Daying Juneng Technology and Development China
8.16. Dongguan Amazing Electronic China
8.17. Dongguan Fuhui Electronics Sales China
8.18. Dongguan Gonghe Electronics China
8.19. Dongguan WIN WIN Supercap Electronic China
8.20. East Penn Manufacturing Co. USA
8.21. Ecoult Australia
8.22. Elbit Energy Israel
8.23. ELIT Russia
8.24. ESMA Russia
8.25. Evans Capacitor Company USA
8.26. FastCAP Systems USA
8.27. FDK Corp Japan
8.28. Furukawa Battery Co Japan
8.29. GHC Electronic Co China
8.30. Graphene Energy Inc USA
8.31. Handong Heter Battery China

8.32. Harbin Jurong Newpower China
8.33. Hitachi Japan
8.34. Honda Japan
8.35. Illinois Capacitor USA
8.36. Ionova USA
8.37. Ioxus USA
8.38. JM Energy Corp Japan
8.39. KAM China
8.40. Kankyo Japan
8.41. Korchip Korea
8.42. LS Mtron Korea
8.43. Maxwell Technologies USA
8.44. Meidensha Corp. Japan
8.45. Murata Japan
8.46. Nanotecture, UK (now only licensing)
8.47. Nanotune Technologies USA
8.48. NEC Tokin Japan
8.49. Nesscap Energy Inc Korea
8.50. Nichicon Japan
8.51. Nippon Chemi-con Japan
8.52. Panasonic Japan

8.53. Paper Battery Company USA
8.54. PowerSystem Co Japan
8.55. Powerweave Project Europe
8.56. Quantum Wired USA
8.57. Ryan Technology Taiwan
8.58. SAFT France
8.59. Shandong Heter Lampson Electronic China
8.60. Shanghai Aowei Technology Development China
8.61. Shanghai Green Tech China
8.62. Shanghai Power Oriental International Trade China
8.63. Shenzhen Forecon Super Capacitor Technology China
8.64. Sino Power Star China

8.65. Skeleton Technologies Estonia
8.66. SPL USA
8.67. Taiyo Yuden Japan
8.68. Tavrima Canada
8.69. Vina Technology Co Korea
8.70. WIMA Spezialvertrieb Elektronischer Bauelemente Germany
8.71. Yo-Engineering Russia
8.72. Yunasko Ukraine
9. COMPANY PROFILES
9.1. Cap-XX
9.2. Cellergy
9.3. Ioxus
9.4. Maxwell Technologies Inc
9.5. Saft Batteries
9.6. Skeleton Technologies
9.7. Yunasko
10. GLOSSARY
APPENDIX 1: EUROPEAN UNION SUPERCAPACITOR PROJECTS
APPENDIX 2: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY
APPENDIX 3: ELECTRIC FUTURES FOR TRANSPORT CONFERENCE LONDON 7 MARCH 2013 - LESSONS LEARNED

To order this report: Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors: Supercapacitors 2014-2024
http://www.reportlinker.com/p0850149/Electrochemical-Double-Layer-Capacitors-Supercapacitors-2014-2024.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Electronic_Component_and_Semiconductor

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