SYS-CON MEDIA Authors: Jessica Qiu, Kevin Jackson, Keith Cawley, Jackie Kahle, Dana Gardner

Related Topics: Oracle, Java, Linux, Virtualization, Web 2.0, Cloud Expo, Big Data Journal, @ThingsExpo

Oracle: Article

Big Data's Many Dimensions (IoT)

Urgency, Importance, Frequency, Consequences, Remedy & Cost

It occurred to me, as I'm sure it's occurred to most of you, that driving a car is a classic example of the IoT in action. In this case, my brain is the CPU, and all of my car's gauges are the things. 

I was making a routine 30-minute drive to raid a local vegetable stand. As I processed all the information coming in, I realized there were several dimensions to it. The same principle is at work with IoT projects, no matter what their scale.

One of the classic charts/concepts widely used in information management is determining urgency vs. importance. Urgent & important things are represented in the upper-right quadrant of a square, urgent but not important in the lower right, important but not urgent in the upper left, and that phone call from your old college friend asking for money in the not urgent and not important lower left.

Riding Along in My Automobile
In my car, my speedometer sends me a reading that is urgent and important. My gas gauge reading is not urgent but important, and becomes urgent and important once I start running low. My gearshift is important but not urgent. 

My car has a tachometer but also an automatic transmission, so the tach reading is not urgent and not important. I can go down through the checklist of everything from the odometer, water temp, battery, and oil pressure, to the heating/AC settings, the radio; to the stream of other info and alerts kept by the car's computer.

It's Not That Simple
But this simple classification misses a lot of important stuff. For one thing, as I note above, much of the information changes its nature depending on conditions. Not only am I in trouble if I run out of gas, I'm in big trouble if any of the water, battery, or oil gauges changes. They seldom do, but if they do, they become red-flag urgent and important.


So an IoT monitoring & analytical architecture must take into account the changing, sometimes fluid nature of the dataflows. 

Many Dimensions
It must also take into account frequency, consequences, remedies, and cost. Returning to the gas gauge, I need to look at it infrequently, the consequence is embarrassing but usually not life threatening, the remedy is generally easy, and the cost is not high. The speedometer, on the other hand, must be monitored in real time, whether I ignore it or not.

Should the engine throw a belt and cut my power while driving at night, the consequence is more severe, the remedy more difficult, and the cost higher. Should I ignore a low oil pressure warning, then I'm potentially getting into a dangerous, difficult, very costly situation.

I've had air conditioning systems conk out on me, something for which there is neither a gauge nor an alert. This problem is not urgent or important (as uncomfortable as driving without AC in the heat can be), has little consequence (unless you need to drive people somewhere who may be less tolerant of the heat than you), but can be very difficult and expensive to fix. 

I've also had wheels fall of my car--twice. The first time was when I was 19 years old, driving a decrepit used car, and speeding down the road in the manner of many teenagers who think they're going to live forever. I missed slamming into a bridge by inches, but ended up merely on the side of the road with nobody hurt. I also slowed my driving down forever. 

The second time I was going 5 miles per hour, and thought I had a flat tire. Even at this slow speed, the incident could have had very bad consequences. Losing control of the car is a terrifying thing. This car was not particularly old, but had these supremely annoying aluminum wheels that raise all sorts of Cain with tires and linkages. Again, no gauge here to help me out, but both times I was put in a potentially fatal situation. 

"Gaugeless IoT"
The "gaugeless IoT" of AC & wheel failures exists in many other aspects of driving my car. For example, even though a thermometer courteously tells me how hot or cold it is outside--something I had already nailed down as I was walking out to my car--it doesn't have an anemometer. I have to know and gauge the effect of wind myself. It doesn't let me know about traffic jams ahead, flooding, or perhaps a tornado coming my way. It doesn't warn me of kids on bicycles or dogs or deer darting out in front of me, or big trucks suddenly crowding me. It doesn't predict any of the other thousands of examples of atrocious driving I've encountered with my fellow Americans.

But wait a minute, that's why I have eyes and ears. And memory, my own organic expert system. 

So, So Early
This brings me to my overall point: Even as the IoT will generate trillions of dollars within the global economy very soon, we're still in the very early days. I'm tempted to say that we're only now in Act I of the Information Age. All previous progress has been mere prologue.

There's been a golden quest for decades to smarten computers up by attaching sensors to them. Sure, our wondrous machines have been able to crunch numbers better than us forever, and can perform all manner of brute-force tasks. Today they can even play a nice song or movie at a very high quality. 

But the IoT will bring sensory to our systems in a big way for the first time. They will need to measure all the new incoming data in several dimensions, with built-in decision points that assess remedies and consequences. Even so, it will be decades before IoT applications can "see" and "hear" with anywhere near the ability of people. As always, let's not get too arrogant about the power of our machines, and remember that human beings are sometimes the weak link but sometimes the salvation of the systems we build.

Contact Me on Twitter

More Stories By Roger Strukhoff

Roger Strukhoff (@IoT2040) is Executive Director of the Tau Institute for Global ICT Research, with offices in Illinois and Manila. He is Conference Chair of @CloudExpo & @ThingsExpo, and Editor of SYS-CON Media's CloudComputing BigData & IoT Journals. He holds a BA from Knox College & conducted MBA studies at CSU-East Bay.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
Software AG helps organizations transform into Digital Enterprises, so they can differentiate from competitors and better engage customers, partners and employees. Using the Software AG Suite, companies can close the gap between business and IT to create digital systems of differentiation that drive front-line agility. We offer four on-ramps to the Digital Enterprise: alignment through collaborative process analysis; transformation through portfolio management; agility through process automation and integration; and visibility through intelligent business operations and big data.
There will be 50 billion Internet connected devices by 2020. Today, every manufacturer has a propriety protocol and an app. How do we securely integrate these "things" into our lives and businesses in a way that we can easily control and manage? Even better, how do we integrate these "things" so that they control and manage each other so our lives become more convenient or our businesses become more profitable and/or safe? We have heard that the best interface is no interface. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Co-Founder & CTO at Octoblu, Inc., will discuss how these devices generate enough data to learn our behaviors and simplify/improve our lives. What if we could connect everything to everything? I'm not only talking about connecting things to things but also systems, cloud services, and people. Add in a little machine learning and artificial intelligence and now we have something interesting...
Last week, while in San Francisco, I used the Uber app and service four times. All four experiences were great, although one of the drivers stopped for 30 seconds and then left as I was walking up to the car. He must have realized I was a blogger. None the less, the next car was just a minute away and I suffered no pain. In this article, my colleague, Ved Sen, Global Head, Advisory Services Social, Mobile and Sensors at Cognizant shares his experiences and insights.
We are reaching the end of the beginning with WebRTC and real systems using this technology have begun to appear. One challenge that faces every WebRTC deployment (in some form or another) is identity management. For example, if you have an existing service – possibly built on a variety of different PaaS/SaaS offerings – and you want to add real-time communications you are faced with a challenge relating to user management, authentication, authorization, and validation. Service providers will want to use their existing identities, but these will have credentials already that are (hopefully) irreversibly encoded. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Peter Dunkley, Technical Director at Acision, will look at how this identity problem can be solved and discuss ways to use existing web identities for real-time communication.
Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. It also ensured scalability and better service for customers, including MUY! Companies, one of the country's largest franchise restaurant companies with 232 Pizza Hut locations. This is one example of WebRTC adoption today, but the potential is limitless when powered by IoT. Attendees will learn real-world benefits of WebRTC and explore future possibilities, as WebRTC and IoT intersect to improve customer service.
From telemedicine to smart cars, digital homes and industrial monitoring, the explosive growth of IoT has created exciting new business opportunities for real time calls and messaging. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Ivelin Ivanov, CEO and Co-Founder of Telestax, will share some of the new revenue sources that IoT created for Restcomm – the open source telephony platform from Telestax. Ivelin Ivanov is a technology entrepreneur who founded Mobicents, an Open Source VoIP Platform, to help create, deploy, and manage applications integrating voice, video and data. He is the co-founder of TeleStax, an Open Source Cloud Communications company that helps the shift from legacy IN/SS7 telco networks to IP-based cloud comms. An early investor in multiple start-ups, he still finds time to code for his companies and contribute to open source projects.
The Internet of Things (IoT) promises to create new business models as significant as those that were inspired by the Internet and the smartphone 20 and 10 years ago. What business, social and practical implications will this phenomenon bring? That's the subject of "Monetizing the Internet of Things: Perspectives from the Front Lines," an e-book released today and available free of charge from Aria Systems, the leading innovator in recurring revenue management.
The Internet of Things will put IT to its ultimate test by creating infinite new opportunities to digitize products and services, generate and analyze new data to improve customer satisfaction, and discover new ways to gain a competitive advantage across nearly every industry. In order to help corporate business units to capitalize on the rapidly evolving IoT opportunities, IT must stand up to a new set of challenges.
There’s Big Data, then there’s really Big Data from the Internet of Things. IoT is evolving to include many data possibilities like new types of event, log and network data. The volumes are enormous, generating tens of billions of logs per day, which raise data challenges. Early IoT deployments are relying heavily on both the cloud and managed service providers to navigate these challenges. In her session at 6th Big Data Expo®, Hannah Smalltree, Director at Treasure Data, to discuss how IoT, Big Data and deployments are processing massive data volumes from wearables, utilities and other machines.
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices – computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors – connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be!
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Erik Lagerway, Co-founder of Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services to the modern P2P RTC era of OTT cloud assisted services.
While great strides have been made relative to the video aspects of remote collaboration, audio technology has basically stagnated. Typically all audio is mixed to a single monaural stream and emanates from a single point, such as a speakerphone or a speaker associated with a video monitor. This leads to confusion and lack of understanding among participants especially regarding who is actually speaking. Spatial teleconferencing introduces the concept of acoustic spatial separation between conference participants in three dimensional space. This has been shown to significantly improve comprehension and conference efficiency.
The Internet of Things is tied together with a thin strand that is known as time. Coincidentally, at the core of nearly all data analytics is a timestamp. When working with time series data there are a few core principles that everyone should consider, especially across datasets where time is the common boundary. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Scott, Director of Enterprise Strategy & Architecture at MapR Technologies, will discuss single-value, geo-spatial, and log time series data. By focusing on enterprise applications and the data center, he will use OpenTSDB as an example to explain some of these concepts including when to use different storage models.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Gridstore™, the leader in software-defined storage (SDS) purpose-built for Windows Servers and Hyper-V, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Gridstore™ is the leader in software-defined storage purpose built for virtualization that is designed to accelerate applications in virtualized environments. Using its patented Server-Side Virtual Controller™ Technology (SVCT) to eliminate the I/O blender effect and accelerate applications Gridstore delivers vmOptimized™ Storage that self-optimizes to each application or VM across both virtual and physical environments. Leveraging a grid architecture, Gridstore delivers the first end-to-end storage QoS to ensure the most important App or VM performance is never compromised. The storage grid, that uses Gridstore’s performance optimized nodes or capacity optimized nodes, starts with as few a...
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace. These technological reforms have not only changed computers and smartphones, but are also changing the data processing model for all information devices. In particular, in the area known as M2M (Machine-To-Machine), there are great expectations that information with a new type of value can be produced using a variety of devices and sensors saving/sharing data via the network and through large-scale cloud-type data processing. This consortium believes that attaching a huge number of devic...
Innodisk is a service-driven provider of industrial embedded flash and DRAM storage products and technologies, with a focus on the enterprise, industrial, aerospace, and defense industries. Innodisk is dedicated to serving their customers and business partners. Quality is vitally important when it comes to industrial embedded flash and DRAM storage products. That’s why Innodisk manufactures all of their products in their own purpose-built memory production facility. In fact, they designed and built their production center to maximize manufacturing efficiency and guarantee the highest quality of our products.
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. Over the summer Gartner released its much anticipated annual Hype Cycle report and the big news is that Internet of Things has now replaced Big Data as the most hyped technology. Indeed, we're hearing more and more about this fascinating new technological paradigm. Every other IT news item seems to be about IoT and its implications on the future of digital business.
Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. Download Slide Deck: ▸ Here
BSQUARE is a global leader of embedded software solutions. We enable smart connected systems at the device level and beyond that millions use every day and provide actionable data solutions for the growing Internet of Things (IoT) market. We empower our world-class customers with our products, services and solutions to achieve innovation and success. For more information, visit www.bsquare.com.
With the iCloud scandal seemingly in its past, Apple announced new iPhones, updates to iPad and MacBook as well as news on OSX Yosemite. Although consumers will have to wait to get their hands on some of that new stuff, what they can get is the latest release of iOS 8 that Apple made available for most in-market iPhones and iPads. Originally announced at WWDC (Apple’s annual developers conference) in June, iOS 8 seems to spearhead Apple’s newfound focus upon greater integration of their products into everyday tasks, cross-platform mobility and self-monitoring. Before you update your device, here is a look at some of the new features and things you may want to consider from a mobile security perspective.