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Ballast Water Treatment: Technologies and Global Markets

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Ballast Water Treatment: Technologies and Global Markets

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STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This BCC Research report is designed to provide the reader with an understanding of the ballast water treatment equipment industry and the market forces that affect it. The report begins with an overview of the global shipping industry and the problems associated with the transfer of invasive species from port to port in ballast water. Pending and existing regulations at the global, regional and local levels are described, along with their numerical standards and implementation schedules. Vessels affected by these rulings are identified and categorized by type, country, size and age.

The report presents estimates of the current market value and forecast values for the year 2018 by calculating the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for a five-year period. Market size and growth are assessed for four world regions: North America, Europe, the Asia-Pacific region and the "rest of world". Within each world region, the countries forecast to make the largest system purchases are broken out of the total.

The markets are further analyzed by a number of other parameters including technology type, vessel type and vessel size. Values for each of these markets are presented for 2013 and 2018, and CAGRs are provided for the five-year time frame.

A patent analysis covering both U.S. and world patent activity is included to show technology trends and identify companies with the largest intellectual property portfolios. Number of patents and percentage share of the total are broken down by technology, assignee or inventor, and country.

A section on industry structure looks at the firms involved in ballast water treatment and categorizes them by type of company, i.e., diversified multinational corporation, water treatment specialist and base of operation. Brief profiles describe each company's core activities and ballast water treatment systems.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Shipping is used to move more than 80% of the world's commodities and transfers three to five billion metric tons of ballast water every year. Ballast water is essential to the safe and efficient operation of shipping, but also poses serious ecological, economic and health threats due to the inadvertent transfer of invasive aquatic species.

The introduction of invasive marine species into new environments through ballast water transfer has been identified as one of the major threats to the world's oceans. In response, the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) called on the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and other international bodies to take action to solve the problem.

By this time, the IMO had been seeking a solution for more than a decade. In 1991, the organization publishedGuidelines for Preventing the Introduction of Unwanted Organisms and Pathogens from Ship's Ballast Waters and Sediment Discharges. This publication was updated in 1993. In 1997, the IMO published Guidelines for Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water to Minimize the Transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens (Resolution A.868 (20)).

In February 2004, the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments (also known as the Ballast Water Management or BWM Convention) was adopted by the IMO. To complement the Convention, the IMO adopted over 15 sets of guidelines and other documents contained in various resolutions and circulars. In addition to the international regulations, federal laws, such as those implemented in the U.S., as well as state and local regulations, impact market dynamics.

Prior studies analyzing the ballast water treatment equipment market have based their calculations on the IMO's original schedule for system implementation. The timetable is now expected to change, so the market needs to be reassessed. Instead of requiring that the entire global fleet be in compliance within three years, the new schedule would spread the annual installation workload more evenly over the five-year period from 2017 to 2021.

Regardless of the implementation schedule, there is a massive global market for ballast water treatment systems, as many as 10,000 units per year or 30 installations per day, for multiple years. However, the market is unusual in that once all existing ships are in compliance, only newly-built ships will require system installation, shrinking the market to 2,000 to 3,000 ships per year, or about five installations per day.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

Global interest in ballast water treatment has been rising steadily since the early 1990s. The transfer of invasive aquatic species affects many global regions, including both developing and developed countries. These invasive species compete with and negatively impact the survival of native organisms. The outcome of this can be economic and health-related.

This study is designed to be useful to a wide range of readers: industry players, researchers, corporations and others who have stakes in shipping and ballast water treatment technologies, as well as those who are considering expanding into these markets. This study provides critical information to decision makers regarding global, national and regional investment strategies, along with the level of anticipated return that will result from continued market development.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

This report is focused on the market for ballast water treatment equipment for four world regions: North America, Europe, the Asia-Pacific region, and the "rest of world". The study begins with a discussion of problems associated with ballast water, and continues with a discussion of existing and pending regulations regarding its treatment and an overview of the various types of treatment technologies.

The report includes current and projected market value, market drivers, trends and opportunities, top-selling products and suppliers, and a general market outlook. The report contains roughly 100 market tables and figures that provide a comprehensive insight into the market, along with nearly 80 company profiles. Market tables are presented for a range of parameters including geographic region, vessel size and type, supplier and product type.

All market data pertains to sales at the manufacturer level. Data are expressed in current U.S. dollars. The base year of the report is 2013, with historical data provided for 2008 and 2010 and forecast data provided through 2018. Historical, base year and forecast data are provided for each market segment of the report. Competitor market shares are provided for the year 2012.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary sources were used in the compilation of this report. Research began with an examination of existing and pending regulations that drive the industry, and a review of their implementation schedules, if the standards were not yet in effect. Data were gathered regarding the number of ships in the global fleet, categorized by age, type and world region of ownership. A review of treatment technologies was also conducted and systems were categorized according to treatment type.

Regulatory information was collected from the IMO and the IMO's Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC), the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Federal Register, the State of California and the Australian Environmental Protection Authority.

For global vessel numbers sizes, and types, a variety of sources were used including Lloyd's Register, Equasis, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Factbook, American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register and the Shipbuilder's Association of Japan.

The IMO, MEPC, company presentations and product literature provided system information. Other sources included the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Safety 4 Sea, company annual reports, trade associations, industry journals, and the U.S. and world patent databases.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

During the past 17 years, Susan Hanft has authored more than 30 market research reports for BCC Research in the fields of membrane technology, water and wastewater treatment, and separations used in food and beverage manufacture, medicine, biotechnology, and the oil and gas industry.

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global ballast water treatment equipment market reached nearly $1.4 billion in 2012. This market is expected to grow to nearly $2.1 billion in 2013 and $8.5 billion in 2018 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 32.9% for the five-year period 2013 to 2018.

This report provides:
• An overview of the global market for ballast treatment technologies, including solid-liquid separations, with and without coagulation and flocculation; chemical treatment, such as chlorination and ozonation; and physical treatment such as ultraviolet irradiation, gas injection, and ultrasonic processes
• Analyses of market trends for four world regions, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) for the five year period, 2013 to 2018
• A presentation of legislative and other drivers by region and a discussion of pending International Maritime Organization regulations
• A listing of the categories of seagoing vessels, i.e. cargo ships, cruise ships, ferries, tankers, affected by recent and expected rulings and the types of treatment equipment each will require
• A patent analysis that reveals technical developments and firms with leading intellectual property portfolios
• A discussion of industry structure
• Comprehensive company profiles of more than 40 key players in the market.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
SCOPE AND FORMAT 3
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 5
BCC RESEARCH ONLINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7

SUMMARY TABLE MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9
SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
EQUIPMENT, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 11

TABLE 1 BALLAST WATER NEEDS, VESSEL TYPES, AND TYPICAL PUMPING RATES 11
UNWANTED SPECIES FOUND IN BALLAST WATER 11
TABLE 2 TOP TEN MOST UNWANTED SPECIES CARRIED IN BALLAST WATER 12
TABLE 3 ADVERSE IMPACTS CAUSED BY AQUATIC NUISANCE SPECIES 14
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS 14
ECONOMIC EFFECTS 14
PUBLIC HEALTH EFFECTS 15
REGULATIONS 15
IMO CONVENTION STANDARDS 15
TABLE 4 STATUS OF THE IMO CONVENTION, CONTRACTING STATES AND
PERCENTAGE OF WORLD TONNAGE 16
TABLE 5 IMO STANDARDS FOR DISCHARGED BALLAST WATER 16
TABLE 6 TIMETABLE FOR INSTALLATION OF BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS,
BEFORE 2009-2012 17
Expected Revisions to the IMO Timetable 18
EPA REGULATIONS 18
U.S. COAST GUARD 19
Implementation Schedule 19
TABLE 7 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE FOR U.S. COAST GUARD-APPROVED
BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT METHODS 19
U.S. Coast Guard-Approved Systems 20
TABLE 8 ALTERNATIVE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS APPROVED BY U.S. COAST GUARD
(AS OF JUNE 2013) 20
REGIONAL REGULATIONS 21
California 21
TABLE 9 BALLAST WATER DISCHARGE STANDARDS UNDER CURRENT CALIFORNIA
LAW 22
Other U.S. States 22
CANADIAN REGULATIONS 22
STATE OF VICTORIA REGULATIONS 23

CHAPTER 4 TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES 26

FIGURE 1 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES 26
SOLID-LIQUID SEPARATION 26
HYDROCYCLONIC SEPARATION 27
SURFACE FILTRATION 27
CHEMICAL ENHANCEMENT 27
DISINFECTION 28
CHEMICAL (ACTIVE SUBSTANCES) 28
Chlorination 28
Electrochlorination, Electrolysis 28
Ozonation 29
Peracetic Acid 29
Proprietary Chemicals 30
SeaKleen 30
PeraClean Ocean 30
TG BallastCleaner 30
NeoChlor 31
Chlorine Dioxide 31
PHYSICAL ENHANCEMENT 31
Ultrasonic Treatment/Cavitation 31
Residuals Management 31
Chemical Reduction (Sulfite/Bisulfite) 32
Physical (Systems Not Using Active Substances) 32
UV Irradiation 32
UV + TiO2 32
De-oxygenation 33
Gas Injection 33
Ultrasonic Treatment 33
Cavitation 34
Heat 34
TABLE 10 COMPARISON OF DISINFECTION METHODS 35
BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE 35
TABLE 11 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE 36
TABLE 12 BALLAST WATER PRETREATMENT AND DISINFECTION BY TECHNOLOGY
TYPE, NUMBER OF SYSTEMS AND SHARE, 2013 (NUMBER/%) 39
FIGURE 2 BALLAST WATER PRETREATMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, NUMBER OF
SYSTEM TYPES AND PERCENTAGE SHARE, 2013 (NUMBER/%) 39
FIGURE 3 BALLAST WATER DISINFECTION BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, NUMBER OF
SYSTEM TYPES AND PERCENTAGE SHARE, 2013 (NUMBER/%) 40
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE 40
TABLE 13 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42
FIGURE 4 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42
BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY 43
TABLE 14 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS BY COUNTRY,
2013 (NUMBER/%) 43
FIGURE 5 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS BY COUNTRY,
2013 (NUMBER) 43
APPROVAL PROCESS FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS 44
FIGURE 6 APPROVAL PATHWAY FOR BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 44
SYSTEMS BASED ON ACTIVE SUBSTANCES 45
TABLE 15 LIST OF BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS THAT MAKE USE OF
ACTIVE SUBSTANCES WHICH HAVE RECEIVED BASIC AND/OR FINAL APPROVAL
FROM THE IMO
45
TABLE 16 LIST OF BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS WHICH HAVE
RECEIVED TYPE APPROVAL CERTIFICATION BY THEIR RESPECTIVE
ADMINISTRATIONS
49
SELECTING A BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM 50
SHIP AND VESSEL SERVICE CHARACTERISTICS 50
Ship Type and Capacity 50
TABLE 17 BALLAST WATER CAPACITY AND BALLAST PUMP RATE BY VESSEL TYPE 51
Ballast Water Handling Practices 52
Ballast Water Characteristics 52
Vessel Service Characteristics 52
Ballast System Characteristics 52
TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY FACTORS 53
Treatment Method 53
Mechanical Systems 53
Physical Disinfection 53
Chemical Treatment 54
Treatment System Pressure Drops 54
Equipment Size and Space Requirements 54
Materials, Equipment Protection and Hazardous Spaces 55
Power Requirements 55
Impacts on Ballast Tank and Pipe Corrosion 55
Health and Safety 56
GENERAL TREATMENT SYSTEM CONSIDERATIONS 56
Proven Efficacy and Official Approvals 57
Vendor Qualifications and Reputation 57
Maintenance Requirements and System Reliability 57
Operation: Control and Monitoring 57
Life Cycle Costs 58
Serviceability and Availability of Spare and Replacement Parts 58
CHALLENGES FOR INSTALLATION ENGINEERING 58
Intake/Discharge Isolation 59
Sampling and In-service Testing 59
Maintaining Ballasting Flexibility 59
OBTAINING AS-BUILT VESSEL INFORMATION 60
MAKING A TREATMENT SYSTEM SELECTION 60
TABLE 18 SUITABILITY OF A BALLAST WATER SYSTEM TYPE TO A VESSEL TYPE 60
COSTS 61
CAPITAL COSTS 61
TABLE 19 ESTIMATED CAPITAL COSTS FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
($) 62
FIGURE 7 ESTIMATED CAPITAL COSTS FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
($) 62
Installation Costs 63
TABLE 20 INSTALLATION COST BREAKDOWN FOR SELECTED SYSTEMS ($) 63
OPERATING COSTS 64
TABLE 21 ESTMATED CAPITAL AND OPERATING COSTS FOR 200 M3/H AND 2,000
M3/H BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS 64
INSTALLED BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS 66
TABLE 22 INSTALLED BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY NUMBER OF
UNITS, CAPACITY, AND TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2010 67
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY
VESSEL SIZE 67
TABLE 23 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
BY SHIP BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68
FIGURE 8 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS,
BY SHIP BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68
BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM INSTALLATIONS 69
TABLE 24 INSTALLED BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY NUMBER OF
UNITS AND VESSEL TYPE, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 69
FIGURE 9 INSTALLED BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY NUMBER OF
UNITS AND VESSEL TYPE, 2012 (NUMBER) 70

CHAPTER 5 PATENT ANALYSIS 72

PATENT REVIEW BY TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY 72
TABLE 25 PATENTS BY TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1,
2013 (NUMBER, %) 72
PATENT REVIEW BY COMPANY 74
TABLE 26 PATENTS BY COMPANY, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013 (NUMBER,
%) 75
PATENT REVIEW BY COUNTRY 76
TABLE 27 PATENTS BY COUNTRY, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013
(NUMBER/%) 76
FIGURE 10 PATENTS BY COUNTRY, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013
(NUMBER) 76

CHAPTER 6 GLOBAL MARKETS 79

GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET 79
TABLE 28 NUMBER OF VESSELS BY COUNTRY OR TERRITORY OF OWNERSHIP FOR
THE WORLD'S 35 LARGEST FLEETS, 2012 (NUMBER) 80
TABLE 29 MARKET SHARE FOR VESSELS IN ACTIVE SERVICE BY WORLD REGION,
2012 (NUMBER/%) 81
FIGURE 11 MARKET SHARE FOR VESSELS IN ACTIVE SERVICE BY WORLD REGION,
2012 (NUMBER) 81
GENERAL CARGO SHIPS 81
TANKERS 82
BULK CARRIERS 82
PASSENGER SHIPS 83
CONTAINER SHIPS 83
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 83
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE, 2012 (NUMBER) 84
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE AND SIZE, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 85
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2012
(NUMBER OF SHIPS/%) 85
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2012
(NUMBER OF SHIPS/%) 85
TABLE 33 WORLD MERCHANT FLEET: TOTAL NUMBER OF SHIPS BY VESSEL TYPE
AND AGE, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 86
FIGURE 14 WORLD MERCHANT FLEET: TOTAL NUMBER OF SHIPS, BY AGE, 0-4
YEARS AND 5-25+ YEARS (NUMBER) 86
FISHING VESSELS 87
FPSOS, FSOS AND FSUS 87
TABLE 34 FPSOS IN OPERATION, 2012 (ALPHABETICALLY BY COUNTRY) 88
NEW BUILDS 92
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR SHIPBUILDERS, BY REGION, 2012 (MILLION
DWT/%) 92
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR SHIPBUILDERS, BY REGION, 2012 (%) 92
GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
SYSTEMS, BY REGION 93
TABLE 36 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94
FIGURE 16 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
SYSTEMS, BY WORLD REGION, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94
NORTH AMERICA 94
TABLE 37 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2012
(NUMBER/%) 95
FIGURE 17 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2012 (NUMBER) 95
THE NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
SYSTEMS 95
U.S. 95
TABLE 38 DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VESSELS SUBJECT TO THE EPA'S VGP BALLAST
WATER REQUIREMENTS, BY TYPE (NUMBER OF VESSELS) 96
The Great Lakes 96
Existing Vessels 96
New Builds 97
Canada and Mexico 97
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN NORTH AMERICA 98
TABLE 39 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 98
FIGURE 18 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
SYSTEMS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 98
EUROPE 99
TABLE 40 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 99
FIGURE 19 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2012 (NUMBER) 100
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN EUROPE 100
TABLE 41 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102
FIGURE 20 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
SYSTEMS IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102
ASIA-PACIFIC 102
TABLE 42 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, 2012
(NUMBER/%) 103
FIGURE 21 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, 2012
(NUMBER) 103
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION 104
TABLE 43 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 105
FIGURE 22 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
SYSTEMS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 105
REST OF WORLD 106
TABLE 44 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN THE REST OF WORLD, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 106
SUMMARY FIGURE 106
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN THE REST OF WORLD 106
TABLE 45 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN THE REST OF WORLD BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 107
FIGURE 24 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
SYSTEMS IN THE REST OF WORLD BY COUNTRY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 107

CHAPTER 7 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 109

TABLE 46 DIVERSIFIED MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST
WATER TREATMENT MARKET 109
TABLE 47 WATER TREATMENT COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT MARKET 110
SHIPBUILDERS, SHIP EQUIPMENT/SERVICE SUPPLIERS 110
TABLE 48 SHIPBUILDERS AND SHIP EQUIPMENT/SERVICE SUPPLIERS ACTIVE IN THE
BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET 110
UV SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS 111
TABLE 49 UV SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT MARKET 111
OZONE SYSTEMS MANUFACTURERS 111
TABLE 50 OZONE SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT MARKET 112
CHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS 112
TABLE 51 CHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT MARKET 112
PURE PLAYS 112
TABLE 52 PURE PLAYS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET 113
FIRMS WITH OTHER CORE COMPETENCIES 113
TABLE 53 OTHER FIRMS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET 113
TABLE 54 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPERS, BY COMPANY TYPE
(NUMBER/%) 114
FIGURE 25 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPERS, BY COMPANY TYPE
(NUMBER) 114
PROJECTED ANNUAL BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM PRODUCTION 115
TABLE 55 PROJECTED NUMBER OF SYSTEMS TO BE PRODUCED ANNUALLY 115
MARKET SHARE 116
TABLE 56 ESTIMATED SHARE OF THE GLOBAL BALLAST WATER TREAMENT
EQUIPMENT MARKET, BY MANUFACTURER, 2012 (%) 116
FIGURE 26 ESTIMATED SHARE OF THE GLOBAL BALLAST WATER TREAMENT
EQUIPMENT MARKET, BY MANUFACTURER (%) 117
COMPANY PROFILES 117
21ST CENTURY SHIPBUILDING CO., LTD. 117
Blue Ocean Guardian 117
ALFA LAVAL 118
PureBallast 2.0 & 2.0EX 118
PureBallast 3.0 119
AQUA ENGINEERING CO., LTD. 119
Aquastar 119
ATG UV TECHNOLOGY 120
ATG BWMS 120
ATLAS-DANMARK 120
Anolyte-KP BWMS 120
AURAMARINE LTD. 121
CrystalBallast 121
BAWAC SYSTEMS 121
BAWAC 122
BIO-UV 122
Bio-Sea 122
BRILLYANT MARINE 123
BrillyantSea BWMS 123
CATHELCO LTD. 123
Cathelco BWMS 124
CHINA OCEAN SHIPPING (GROUP) CO. (COSCO) 124
Blue Ocean Shield 124
COLDHARBOUR MARINE 125
Coldharbour Marine BWMS 125
CYECO 126
Cyeco BWMS 126
DALIAN MARITIME UNIVERSITY 126
DMU OH BWMS 126
EVONIK DEGUSSA INTERNATIONAL 127
PeraClean Ocean 127
DESMI OCEAN GUARD A/S 127
Ocean Guard OxyClean 128
DOW CHEMICAL PACIFIC (SINGAPORE) PRIVATE LTD. 128
Dow-Pinnacle BWMS 128
ECOCHLOR, INC. 129
Ecochlor BWMS 129
ECOLOGIQ 130
BallaClean BWMS 130
ELTRON WATER SYSTEMS 131
PeroxEgen 131
ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES 131
ENVIROTECH AND CONSULTANCY PTE. LTD. 132
BlueWorld 132
BlueSeas 132
ERMA FIRST ESK ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS 132
Erma First BWMS 133
FERRATE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES (FTT) 133
Ferrator 133
GEA WESTFALIA SEPARATOR 134
BallastMaster EcoP 134
BallastMaster UltraV 134
HAMWORTHY (WARTSILA) 135
Aquarius UV 135
Aquarius EC 135
Sedinox BWMS 135
HANLA IMS CO.LTD. 136
EcoGuardian 136
HEADWAY TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD. 136
OceanGuard BWMS 137
HITACHI PLANT TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. 137
ClearBallast 138
HI TECH MARINE PTY LTD. 138
SeaSafe-3 138
HWASEUNG R&A CO. LTD. 139
HS-Ballast 139
HYDE MARINE INC. 139
Hyde Guardian 140
HYUNDAI HEAVY INDUSTRIES CO., LTD. 140
EcoBallast 140
HiBallast 140
JFE ENGINEERING CORP. 141
JFE BallastAce 141
BallastAce Using NeoClor Marine 142
JIUJIANG PRECISION MEASURING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE 142
OceanDoctor BWMS 142
KATAYAMA CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES 143
SPO-System 143
Sky-System 143
KNUTSEN OAS SHIPPING 143
KBAL 144
KURARAY CO., LTD. 144
Microfade BWMS 145
NIPPON YUKA KOGYO CO., LTD. 145
Sky-System 145
KOREA TOP MARINE CO. LTD. 146
KTM-BWTS 146
KWANG SAN CO., LTD. 146
BioViolet 146
MMC GREEN TECHNOLOGY AS 147
MMC BWMS 147
MAHLE INDUSTRIEFILTRATION GMBH 147
Ocean Protection System (OPS) 148
MARENCO TECHNOLOGY GROUP INC. 148
Marenco BWMS 148
MARITIME SOLUTIONS, INC. (MSI) 148
Maritime Solutions BWMS 149
MEXEL INDUSTRIES 149
Mexel 436 149
MH SYSTEMS INC. 149
MH BWMS 150
MITSUI ENGINEERING & SHIPBUILDING (MES) 150
FineBallast OZ 150
Special Pipe Hybrid BWMS 151
N.E.I. TREATMENT SYSTEMS LLC 151
VOS BWMS 152
NK COMPANY LTD. 152
BlueBallast 152
NAVAL TORREIRO (NTORREIRO) 153
Ballastmar 153
NUTECH O3 153
OCEANSAVER AS 153
OceanSaver BWMS 154
OPTIMARIN AS 154
Optimarin BWMS 154
PANASIA CO., LTD 155
GloEn-Patrol 155
PINNACLE OZONE SOLUTIONS 155
Pinnacle Ozone BWMS 156
QWATER 156
Qwater BWMS 156
REDOX MARITIME TECHNOLOGIES 156
Redox BWMS 156
RWO GMBH (VEOLIA) 157
CleanBallast 157
SUNBO INDUSTRIES 158
Blue Zone BWMS 158
SUNRUI MARINE ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO., LTD 158
BalClor 158
RESOURCE BALLAST TECHNOLOGIES (PTY.) LTD. 159
RBT BWTS 159
SAMSUNG TECHWIN ECO CO., LTD. 159
Purimar 160
Neo-Purimar 160
SEA KNIGHT CORP. 160
Insitu BWMS 161
SEVERN TRENT DE NORA (STDN), LLC 161
Balpure 161
SIEMENS WATER TECHNOLOGIES 162
Sicure BWMS 162
STX METALS CO. LTD. 163
Smart Ballast 163
SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES LTD. (SEI) 163
Ecomarine 164
TECHCROSS LTD. 164
ECS 164
TROJAN MARINEX 165
BWT 500i 165
VAN OORD 165
Van Oord BWMS 166
WUXI BRIGHTSKY ELECTRONIC CO. LTD. 166
BSKY 166

CHAPTER 8 APPENDIX 168

TABLE 57 U.S. PATENTS, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013 168
TABLE 58 WORLD PATENTS, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013 176

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9
TABLE 1 BALLAST WATER NEEDS, VESSEL TYPES, AND TYPICAL PUMPING RATES 11
TABLE 2 TOP TEN MOST UNWANTED SPECIES CARRIED IN BALLAST WATER 12
TABLE 3 ADVERSE IMPACTS CAUSED BY AQUATIC NUISANCE SPECIES 14
TABLE 4 STATUS OF THE IMO CONVENTION, CONTRACTING STATES AND
PERCENTAGE OF WORLD TONNAGE 16
TABLE 5 IMO STANDARDS FOR DISCHARGED BALLAST WATER 16
TABLE 6 TIMETABLE FOR INSTALLATION OF BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS,
BEFORE 2009-2012 17
TABLE 7 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE FOR U.S. COAST GUARD-APPROVED BALLAST
WATER MANAGEMENT METHODS 19
TABLE 8 ALTERNATIVE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS APPROVED BY U.S. COAST GUARD
(AS OF JUNE 2013) 20
TABLE 9 BALLAST WATER DISCHARGE STANDARDS UNDER CURRENT CALIFORNIA
LAW 22
TABLE 10 COMPARISON OF DISINFECTION METHODS 35
TABLE 11 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE 36
TABLE 12 BALLAST WATER PRETREATMENT AND DISINFECTION BY TECHNOLOGY
TYPE, NUMBER OF SYSTEMS AND SHARE, 2013 (NUMBER/%) 39
TABLE 13 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 14 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS BY COUNTRY,
2013 (NUMBER/%) 43
TABLE 15 LIST OF BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS THAT MAKE USE OF
ACTIVE SUBSTANCES WHICH HAVE RECEIVED BASIC AND/OR FINAL APPROVAL
FROM THE IMO
45
TABLE 16 LIST OF BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS WHICH HAVE RECEIVED
TYPE APPROVAL CERTIFICATION BY THEIR RESPECTIVE ADMINISTRATIONS 49
TABLE 17 BALLAST WATER CAPACITY AND BALLAST PUMP RATE BY VESSEL TYPE 51
TABLE 18 SUITABILITY OF A BALLAST WATER SYSTEM TYPE TO A VESSEL TYPE 60
TABLE 19 ESTIMATED CAPITAL COSTS FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
($) 62
TABLE 20 INSTALLATION COST BREAKDOWN FOR SELECTED SYSTEMS ($) 63
TABLE 21 ESTMATED CAPITAL AND OPERATING COSTS FOR 200 M3/H AND 2,000
M3/H BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS 64
TABLE 22 INSTALLED BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY NUMBER OF UNITS,
CAPACITY, AND TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2010 67
TABLE 23 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
BY SHIP BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68
TABLE 24 INSTALLED BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY NUMBER OF UNITS
AND VESSEL TYPE, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 69
TABLE 25 PATENTS BY TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1,
2013 (NUMBER, %) 72
TABLE 26 PATENTS BY COMPANY, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013 (NUMBER,
%) 75
TABLE 27 PATENTS BY COUNTRY, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013
(NUMBER/%) 76
TABLE 28 NUMBER OF VESSELS BY COUNTRY OR TERRITORY OF OWNERSHIP FOR
THE WORLD'S 35 LARGEST FLEETS, 2012 (NUMBER) 80
TABLE 29 MARKET SHARE FOR VESSELS IN ACTIVE SERVICE BY WORLD REGION,
2012 (NUMBER/%) 81
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 83
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE AND SIZE, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 85
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2012 (NUMBER
OF SHIPS/%) 85
TABLE 33 WORLD MERCHANT FLEET: TOTAL NUMBER OF SHIPS BY VESSEL TYPE
AND AGE, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 86
TABLE 34 FPSOS IN OPERATION, 2012 (ALPHABETICALLY BY COUNTRY) 88
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR SHIPBUILDERS, BY REGION, 2012 (MILLION
DWT/%) 92
TABLE 36 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
BY WORLD REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94
TABLE 37 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 95
TABLE 38 DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VESSELS SUBJECT TO THE EPA'S VGP BALLAST
WATER REQUIREMENTS, BY TYPE (NUMBER OF VESSELS) 96
TABLE 39 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 40 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 99
TABLE 41 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 42 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, 2012
(NUMBER/%) 103
TABLE 43 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 105
TABLE 44 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN THE REST OF WORLD, 2012 (NUMBER/%) 106
TABLE 45 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN THE REST OF WORLD BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 107
TABLE 46 DIVERSIFIED MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT MARKET 109
TABLE 47 WATER TREATMENT COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT MARKET 110
TABLE 48 SHIPBUILDERS AND SHIP EQUIPMENT/SERVICE SUPPLIERS ACTIVE IN THE
BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET 110
TABLE 49 UV SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT MARKET 111
TABLE 50 OZONE SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER
TREATMENT MARKET 112
TABLE 51 CHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
MARKET 112
TABLE 52 PURE PLAYS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET 113
TABLE 53 OTHER FIRMS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET 113
TABLE 54 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPERS, BY COMPANY TYPE
(NUMBER/%) 114
TABLE 55 PROJECTED NUMBER OF SYSTEMS TO BE PRODUCED ANNUALLY 115
TABLE 56 ESTIMATED SHARE OF THE GLOBAL BALLAST WATER TREAMENT
EQUIPMENT MARKET, BY MANUFACTURER, 2012 (%) 116
TABLE 57 U.S. PATENTS, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013 168
TABLE 58 WORLD PATENTS, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013 176

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
EQUIPMENT, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 9
FIGURE 1 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES 26
FIGURE 2 BALLAST WATER PRETREATMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, NUMBER OF
SYSTEM TYPES AND PERCENTAGE SHARE, 2013 (NUMBER/%) 39
FIGURE 3 BALLAST WATER DISINFECTION BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, NUMBER OF
SYSTEM TYPES AND PERCENTAGE SHARE, 2013 (NUMBER/%) 40
FIGURE 4 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT
EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42
FIGURE 5 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS BY COUNTRY,
2013 (NUMBER) 43
FIGURE 6 APPROVAL PATHWAY FOR BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 44
FIGURE 7 ESTIMATED CAPITAL COSTS FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
($) 62
FIGURE 8 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS,
BY SHIP BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 68
FIGURE 9 INSTALLED BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY NUMBER OF UNITS
AND VESSEL TYPE, 2012 (NUMBER) 70
FIGURE 10 PATENTS BY COUNTRY, OCTOBER 6, 1998 TO AUGUST 1, 2013 (NUMBER) 76
FIGURE 11 MARKET SHARE FOR VESSELS IN ACTIVE SERVICE BY WORLD REGION,
2012 (NUMBER) 81
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE, 2012 (NUMBER) 84
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2012
(NUMBER OF SHIPS/%) 85
FIGURE 14 WORLD MERCHANT FLEET: TOTAL NUMBER OF SHIPS, BY AGE, 0-4 YEARS
AND 5-25+ YEARS (NUMBER) 86
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR SHIPBUILDERS, BY REGION, 2012 (%) 92
FIGURE 16 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS,
BY WORLD REGION, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94
FIGURE 17 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2012 (NUMBER) 95
FIGURE 18 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 98
FIGURE 19 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2012 (NUMBER) 100
FIGURE 20 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 102
FIGURE 21 VESSEL OWNERSHIP IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, 2012
(NUMBER) 103
FIGURE 22 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY COUNTRY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 105
SUMMARY FIGURE 106
FIGURE 24 MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
IN THE REST OF WORLD BY COUNTRY, 2008-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 107
FIGURE 25 BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPERS, BY COMPANY TYPE
(NUMBER) 114
FIGURE 26 ESTIMATED SHARE OF THE GLOBAL BALLAST WATER TREAMENT
EQUIPMENT MARKET, BY MANUFACTURER (%) 117

Read the full report:
Ballast Water Treatment: Technologies and Global Markets

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Email: [email protected]
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