SYS-CON MEDIA Authors: Zakia Bouachraoui, Liz McMillan, Carmen Gonzalez, Roger Strukhoff, David Linthicum

Related Topics: @DevOpsSummit, Microservices Expo, Containers Expo Blog, Cloud Security

@DevOpsSummit: Article

Software Supply Chain Report | @DevOpsSummit #DevOps #ContinuousTesting

Analysis of 25,000 applications reveals 6.8% of packages / components used included known defects

Analysis of 25,000 applications reveals 6.8% of packages/components used included known defects. Organizations standardizing on components between 2 - 3 years of age can decrease defect rates substantially.

Open source and third-party packages/components live at the heart of high velocity software development organizations.  Today, an average of 106 packages / components comprise 80 - 90% of a modern application, yet few organizations have visibility into what components are used where.

Use of known defective components leads to quality and security issues within applications. While developers save tremendous amounts of time by sourcing software components from outside their organizations, they often don't have time to check those component versions against known vulnerability databases or internal policies.

In Sonatype's 2016 State of the Software Supply Chain report, analysis of 25,000 scans reveals that 1 in 16 (6.8%) components being used in applications contained at least one known security vulnerability.  This finding demonstrates that defective components are making their way across the entire software supply chain -- from initial sourcing to use in finished goods.

Screen Shot 2016-08-01 at 10.53.06 AM.png

Newer components make better software
Analysis of the scanned applications also revealed that the latest versions of components had the lowest percentage of known defects. Components under three years in age represented 38% of parts used in the average application; these components had security defect rates under 5%.

By comparison, components between five and seven years old had 2x the known security defect rate. The 2016 Verizon Data Breach and Investigations Report confirms that the vast majority of successful exploits last year were from CVE's (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures) published 1998 - 2013. Combining the Verizon data with Sonatype's analysis further demonstrates the economic value of using newer, higher quality components.

Screen Shot 2016-08-01 at 11.03.29 AM.png

In summary, components greater than two years old represent 62% of all components scanned and account for 77% of the risk. Better component selection not only improves the quality of the finished application, it also reduces the number of break-fixes and unplanned work to remediate the defects.

Older components die off
Research shows that new versions of open source components are released an average of 14x per year. The new versions deliver greater functionality, improved performance, and fewer known defects. Just as in traditional manufacturing, using the newest versions of any part typically results in a higher quality finished product.

In their 2016 report, Sonatype discovered that component versions seven years or older made up approximately 18% of the footprint of the 25,000 application scans. For the older components, analysis showed that as many as 23% were on the latest version -- meaning, the open source projects for those components were inactive, dead...or perhaps they are just incredibly stable.

Screen Shot 2016-08-01 at 11.04.16 AM.png

Discovery of components with known security vulnerabilities or other defects used in applications is not something anyone desires. Unfortunately, when these defects are discovered in older components, chances of remediating the issue by upgrading to a newer component version are greatly diminished. If a new version does not exist, only a few options exist:

  1. Keep the vulnerable component in the application

  2. Wwitch to a newer like component from another open source project

  3. Make a software change to add a mitigating control, or

  4. Code the functionality required from scratch in order to replace the defect.

None of these options comes without a significant cost.
As discussed in Cisco's 2015 Midyear Security Report, "With open-source software in place in many enterprises, security professionals need to gain a deeper understanding of where and how open-source is used in their organizations, and whether their open-source packages or libraries are up to date. This means that, moving forward, software supply chain management becomes even more critical."

More information about software supply chain management practices and open source component quality can be found in the 2016 State of the Software Supply Chain Report.

More Stories By Derek Weeks

In 2015, Derek Weeks led the largest and most comprehensive analysis of software supply chain practices to date across 160,000 development organizations. He is a huge advocate of applying proven supply chain management principles into DevOps practices to improve efficiencies, reduce costs, and sustain long-lasting competitive advantages.

As a 20+ year veteran of the software industry, he has advised leading businesses on IT performance improvement practices covering continuous delivery, business process management, systems and network operations, service management, capacity planning and storage management. As the VP and DevOps Advocate for Sonatype, he is passionate about changing the way people think about software supply chains and improving public safety through improved software integrity. Follow him here @weekstweets, find me here www.linkedin.com/in/derekeweeks, and read me here http://blog.sonatype.com/author/weeks/.

Latest Stories
Moroccanoil®, the global leader in oil-infused beauty, is thrilled to announce the NEW Moroccanoil Color Depositing Masks, a collection of dual-benefit hair masks that deposit pure pigments while providing the treatment benefits of a deep conditioning mask. The collection consists of seven curated shades for commitment-free, beautifully-colored hair that looks and feels healthy.
The textured-hair category is inarguably the hottest in the haircare space today. This has been driven by the proliferation of founder brands started by curly and coily consumers and savvy consumers who increasingly want products specifically for their texture type. This trend is underscored by the latest insights from NaturallyCurly's 2018 TextureTrends report, released today. According to the 2018 TextureTrends Report, more than 80 percent of women with curly and coily hair say they purcha...
The textured-hair category is inarguably the hottest in the haircare space today. This has been driven by the proliferation of founder brands started by curly and coily consumers and savvy consumers who increasingly want products specifically for their texture type. This trend is underscored by the latest insights from NaturallyCurly's 2018 TextureTrends report, released today. According to the 2018 TextureTrends Report, more than 80 percent of women with curly and coily hair say they purcha...
We all love the many benefits of natural plant oils, used as a deap treatment before shampooing, at home or at the beach, but is there an all-in-one solution for everyday intensive nutrition and modern styling?I am passionate about the benefits of natural extracts with tried-and-tested results, which I have used to develop my own brand (lemon for its acid ph, wheat germ for its fortifying action…). I wanted a product which combined caring and styling effects, and which could be used after shampo...
The precious oil is extracted from the seeds of prickly pear cactus plant. After taking out the seeds from the fruits, they are adequately dried and then cold pressed to obtain the oil. Indeed, the prickly seed oil is quite expensive. Well, that is understandable when you consider the fact that the seeds are really tiny and each seed contain only about 5% of oil in it at most, plus the seeds are usually handpicked from the fruits. This means it will take tons of these seeds to produce just one b...
Steaz, the nation's top-selling organic and fair trade green-tea-based beverage company, announces its 2017 "Mind. Body. Soul." tour, which will bring authentic experiences inspired by the brand's signature Mind. Body. Soul. tagline to life across the country. The tour will inform, educate, inspire and entertain through events, digital activations and partner-curated experiences developed to support the three pillars of complete health and wellness.
The platform combines the strengths of Singtel's extensive, intelligent network capabilities with Microsoft's cloud expertise to create a unique solution that sets new standards for IoT applications," said Mr Diomedes Kastanis, Head of IoT at Singtel. "Our solution provides speed, transparency and flexibility, paving the way for a more pervasive use of IoT to accelerate enterprises' digitalisation efforts. AI-powered intelligent connectivity over Microsoft Azure will be the fastest connected pat...
There are many examples of disruption in consumer space – Uber disrupting the cab industry, Airbnb disrupting the hospitality industry and so on; but have you wondered who is disrupting support and operations? AISERA helps make businesses and customers successful by offering consumer-like user experience for support and operations. We have built the world’s first AI-driven IT / HR / Cloud / Customer Support and Operations solution.
ScaleMP is presenting at CloudEXPO 2019, held June 24-26 in Santa Clara, and we’d love to see you there. At the conference, we’ll demonstrate how ScaleMP is solving one of the most vexing challenges for cloud — memory cost and limit of scale — and how our innovative vSMP MemoryONE solution provides affordable larger server memory for the private and public cloud. Please visit us at Booth No. 519 to connect with our experts and learn more about vSMP MemoryONE and how it is already serving some of...
Darktrace is the world's leading AI company for cyber security. Created by mathematicians from the University of Cambridge, Darktrace's Enterprise Immune System is the first non-consumer application of machine learning to work at scale, across all network types, from physical, virtualized, and cloud, through to IoT and industrial control systems. Installed as a self-configuring cyber defense platform, Darktrace continuously learns what is ‘normal' for all devices and users, updating its understa...
Codete accelerates their clients growth through technological expertise and experience. Codite team works with organizations to meet the challenges that digitalization presents. Their clients include digital start-ups as well as established enterprises in the IT industry. To stay competitive in a highly innovative IT industry, strong R&D departments and bold spin-off initiatives is a must. Codete Data Science and Software Architects teams help corporate clients to stay up to date with the mod...
As you know, enterprise IT conversation over the past year have often centered upon the open-source Kubernetes container orchestration system. In fact, Kubernetes has emerged as the key technology -- and even primary platform -- of cloud migrations for a wide variety of organizations. Kubernetes is critical to forward-looking enterprises that continue to push their IT infrastructures toward maximum functionality, scalability, and flexibility. As they do so, IT professionals are also embr...
Platform9, the leader in SaaS-managed hybrid cloud, has announced it will present five sessions at four upcoming industry conferences in June: BCS in London, DevOpsCon in Berlin, HPE Discover and Cloud Computing Expo 2019.
At CloudEXPO Silicon Valley, June 24-26, 2019, Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with expanded DevOpsSUMMIT and FinTechEXPO programs within the DXWorldEXPO agenda. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive over the long term. A total of 88% of Fortune 500 companies from a generation ago are now out of business. Only 12% still survive. Similar percentages are found throug...
When you're operating multiple services in production, building out forensics tools such as monitoring and observability becomes essential. Unfortunately, it is a real challenge balancing priorities between building new features and tools to help pinpoint root causes. Linkerd provides many of the tools you need to tame the chaos of operating microservices in a cloud native world. Because Linkerd is a transparent proxy that runs alongside your application, there are no code changes required. I...